John Grant, Southern Cross University Lismore (Australia): Along with the advancement of space research, we have recently spent a lot of time and money on technologies that can improve the use of celestial objects and the best way to make the atmosphere on the Moon. Special attention has been paid to research. In October, the Australian Space Agency and NASA signed an agreement to send a Australian-produced rover to the Moon under the Artemis program, in an effort to collect moon gems that can provide fresh air on a monthly basis.
Although The moon It contains oxygen, is extremely thin, and is composed mainly of hydrogen, neon, and argon. It is not the type of air that people prefer air dependent mammals. According to this, on the Moon there is a lot of air. It is not in the form of air alone. Instead they are encased in a cloak of Moon cover with fine dust called regolith. If we could extract air from this passage, would it be enough to sustain human life on the Moon?
Oxygen source Oxygen is found in the largest salt in the world around us. And the Moon is made up mainly of the same rocks you can find on Earth (although it has more material from the meteor). Minerals such as silk, aluminum, and iron and magnesium oxides abound on the Moon. Both of these minerals are oxygenated, but not in the form that reaches our lungs. These minerals are present on the Moon in a number of different ways, including hard rock, dust, rocks, and surface rocks. These objects have been stored there for thousands of years because of meteorites that fall to the surface of the moon.
Some people refer to the upper part of the Moon as ‘soil’, but as a geologist I hesitate to use the term. Earth as we know it is the most magical thing that happens on earth. It has been created for millions of years with a variety of terrestrial organisms. Soil is rich in wonderful physical, health and environmental conditions. In the meantime, objects on the Moon have regolith in its original, untouched way.
One thing goes in, two comes out The Moon’s regolith is made up of 45% oxygen. But that gas is highly concentrated in the salt mentioned above. To break the bond of friendship, we need to put forth effort. If you know about electrolysis then you know it well. On Earth this method is widely used in manufacturing, such as making aluminum. Electrical energy passes through electrons from a liquid form of aluminum oxide (also called aluminum) to separate aluminum from air.
In this case, oxygen is produced as a chemical. On the Moon, air can be a major factor and aluminum extract (or other metals) can be very useful. It is a very straightforward approach, but there is a warning: it requires a lot of energy. For it to be stable, it may need the help of solar energy or other energy found on the Moon. Extracting air from regolith may also require industrial equipment. We must first convert the solid metal into a liquid, either by heat, or by mixing heat with solvents or electrolytes.
We have the technology to do this on Earth, but copying this device to the Moon, and generating enough energy to power it, will be very difficult. Earlier this year, Belgian-based company Space Applications Services announced the launch of three experimental devices to assist in the production of gas through electrolysis. He hopes to send the technology to the Moon by 2025 as part of a special project from the European Space Agency.
How much oxygen can the moon give? According to this, if we could get rid of it, how much oxygen would the Moon give? Well, if it can be removed, then a lot. If we ignore the air trapped in the deepest rocks of the Moon, just thinking about regolith that is easily found on land, we can come up with some ideas. Each cubic meter of regolith of the moon contains 1.4 tons of salt, plus 630 kilograms of oxygen.
NASA estimates that humans need to breathe about 800 grams of oxygen a day to survive. So 630 kg of oxygen makes a person live for two years (or more). Now let’s assume that the average depth of regolith on the Moon is about 10 meters, and we can remove all the air. This means that over 10 meters above the Moon will provide enough air for all 8 billion people on earth to rest for 100,000 years. It will also depend on how we produce and use fresh air.
However, the numbers are staggering! In that case, we must do all we can to protect the blue world, especially its soil, which allows all life on earth to survive without our efforts.